The Biology Of The Pigeon

Pigeons are one of the most common bird species that have spread to most continents throughout the world, and their adaptable nature and digestion means that they can survive in many different types of habitat. While most people will think of the pigeon as one species, there are actually over three hundred varieties of different pigeons to be found around the world, with the survival and spread of the species often matching that of the human population.

Appearance
Pigeons are pest birds that have quite a range of species, but most are relatively small at less than a foot in length and with small heads that are on quite sturdy and stout bodies, with thin legs with three claws. While the most common species will have gray or dark blue feathers, there are often splashes of color on the plumage too.

Biology
Common pigeons are a species that have adapted to different conditions, and while they can fly well, they are also light enough to glide on the breeze where they need to. The underside of the wings is usually white, while they also have the ability to make a cooing sound which can be used to communicate.

Life Cycle
Nesting pigeons can breed at any time of year, but are at their peak in the late spring and summer,with both parents contributing to the raising of the young. Two eggs are laid, and are then incubated by both parents for between seventeen and nineteen days. Once hatched, the young are fed by the parents for the first thirty days before they are able to leave the nest. In the wild, pigeons will live up to an average of six years.

Habitat
With only a small number of areas in the world where the pigeon isn't present, the habitat is very varied, and in the wild the pigeons can nest in the branches of trees, while in urban areas they will often be found on window sills and in the eaves of large buildings.

Diet
Pigeons will usually feed in groups on the ground, and are mainly herbivores eating seeds, fruits and plant matter, although they have quite an adaptable diet. In many urban areas, pigeons are scavengers living from food that has been dropped by people, which is why there is such a large population often found in tourist spots.

Behavior
Pigeons are a species that tends to stay in areas where there are people present, as the large majority of the population has stemmed from domesticated pigeons that have either been released or escaped. They are generally quite cautious creatures, but can be attracted and drawn by food. This is the dummy text. This is the dummy text. This is the dummy text. This is the dummy text. This is the dummy text. This is the dummy text. This is the dummy text. This is the dummy text. This is the